Credit ratings have only just started to pick up steam in India and yet they have already
become a very important part of the financial ecosystem. In the same breath, there
are thousands of Indians who still aren’t aware of their credit score and thousands
more who do not even have a score. Based on this scenario, we felt it necessary to
tell you why a credit score is important along with the factors that influence your
score. Hopefully, we will encourage and help you build a healthy credit rating in
So why are credit scores important?
They influence your eligibility: Individuals with healthy credit scores are
more likely to be accepted for credit than those with a lower credit rating.
They influence your interest rate: Individuals with a poor rating present
a higher level of risk to lenders. That said, very few lenders will provide loans
to such individuals, the ones that do will levy higher rates.
So no loan, means no problem, right?
Wrong! You might not require a credit score as long as you don’t apply for credit
yourself. But down the road, the lack of a credit score or a low score might
hurt someone else’s loan application.
Take for example Mr. John – he’s worked hard to ensure he never needed to apply for
credit. He tried a credit card once and defaulted on his first bill because he
forgot the due date, after that he canceled the service and kept a distance from
credit. Many years later, his son Dan wanted to pursue his MBA in the US.
Dan knew it was going to cost a lot, but at the same time, he didn’t want to burden
his parents for this money. So he decided to pursue his dreams independently
by applying for an education loan. His parents were very proud of his decision
and Dan had an immense sense of accomplishment.
Unfortunately, all Dan’s planning came crashing down when his application was rejected
as his father’s credit score was not at par with what was required of a guarantor.
This is just one scenario, there might be numerous other occasions when you’ll need
to sign as someone’s guarantor or apply for credit on a loved one’s behalf. And
if you have a poor score, all your plans could be hindered. This only stresses
the importance of credit scores and the need to have & maintain one. In this
regard, knowing the factors that influence your score can help you improve it.
So what are the factors that influence my credit score?
The length of credit history: Around 15% of your credit score depends on how
long you’ve been using credit. A longer history means you have more experience
in handling debt and will improve your score.
The amount owed till date: This will account for 30% of your credit score.
The more you’ve borrowed, the better.
Repayment history: This is one of the more important factors when it comes
to credit scores and accounts for up to 35% of your score. Successful repayments
will boost your score considerably and a late payment will bring it down just
Types of credit: This accounts for 10% of your credit. The more types of credit
you’ve applied for, (education loans, credit cards, a line of credit, etc.) the
So there you have it, why credit scores are important today and why they promise
to be all the more important in the future along with the factors that influence
your score. Hope this has been helpful, good luck and all the best!